You’re not going to believe some of the amazing underwater discoveries found in our oceans! With 71 percent of the Earth’s surface covered in water, tons of valuable artifacts are bound to get lost. This includes everything from sunken ships to entire cities. Some of these lost ancient relics can be worth billions and tell us a lot about how ancient people lived. Luckily, new technological advancements allow underwater archaeologists to discover things easier and faster. Of course, there’s no telling what they’ll find in the future but we can still look at some of the things they’ve already found. These are 25 amazing underwater discoveries that left us speechless.
Nearby the hydrothermal vent system known as Loki’s Castle, scientists discovered a missing link between the single celled organisms that populated the Earth and the complex cellular life that showed up around 2 billion years ago. They called the microorganisms Lokiarchaeota and retrieved them about 1.5 miles under the Atlantic Ocean’s surface.
Underwater River in Black Sea
Scientists discovered a river 115 feet deep in the Black Sea, confirming their suspicions that rivers do exist in large bodies of water. If found on land, it would be considered the 6th largest river with the amount of water flowing through it.
Manganese Nodules in the Atlantic Ocean
Manganese Nodules form in all oceans but it was originally thought the largest amount formed in the Pacific Ocean. German scientists, however, expectedly discovered a vast underwater field of them in the Atlantic Ocean. The metal lumps are layer upon layer of metal ore crystallizing around a core. The discovery can help scientists better understand the Earth’s climate since it takes the nodules to form over millions of years.
The Mariana Trench
On March 23, 1875, the HMS Challenger discovered the Mariana Trench, the deepest trench on Earth. Going seven miles down into the ocean, few have been able to reach the bottom. On March 26th, 2012, James Cameron piloted the Deepsea Challenger – which he designed – down to 35,756 feet (10,898 meters), making a new record for a solo decent.
Lost City of Heracleion
Archaeologist Frank Goddio spent years searching for the Lost City of Heracleion off the coast of Egypt. Using advanced underwater screening technology, he finally found it. The ancient city was completely submerged 6.5 kilometers off the coast Among the ruins were 64 ships, 700 anchors, gold coins, and statues standing 16 feet tall.