The HMS Sussex was trapped in a severe windstorm, also known as a levante, on 1 March 1694 off Gibraltar. The captain and crew did attempt to escape the storm, but once water began to fill their gun ports, it was a swift ending. Out of a crew of 500 people, there were only two survivors.
Ottoman frigate Ertuğrul
The Ottoman frigate Ertuğrul sank on September 18th, 1890 after striking a reef while in a typhoon off of Kushimoto, Japan. The crew had only set sail home three days prior, after a three month stay in Yokohoma. The maritime accident resulted in the loss of 587 sailors, including Admiral Ali Osman Pasha. There were 69 survivors.
On March 31st, 1873 at 3:12am, the RMS Atlantic Crashed into a rock off of Marr’s Head in Nova Scotia. All of the side boats were washed away at sea, causing a massive death toll. Out of approximately 950 people, 562 people perished, including all of the women on board. Only one child survived.
This event was the second worst ship crash for White Star Shipping Line, whose first worst crash was the Titanic.
On 16 April 1947, the French registered ex-liberty ship caught fire and exploded dockside, while being loaded with ammonium nitrate at Texas City, Texas. In what came to be called the “Texas City Disaster,” an estimated 581 people were killed, including 28 firefighters. There were also 5,000 people injured.
SS Princess Alice
On 3 September 1878, the Princess Alice was on the River Thames, when it sunk in a collision with the collier Bywell Castle. Over 650 people died, making it the greatest loss of life in any Thames shipping disaster.