During the final stage of the World War II, on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively, the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were bombed with atomic bombs dropped by the United States. Since then, there have been numerous nuclear threats posed by different countries in many parts of the world. Still, after all these years of stockpiling nuclear warheads, Hiroshima and Nagasaki remain the only victims of a direct nuclear attack. Want to learn more about these events? To find out what the Hiroshima and Nagasaki radiation effects have caused to local people or what Hiroshima and Nagasaki victims are doing today, check out this post with 25 Facts About Hiroshima And Nagasaki Today.
In the decades following the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings, the survivors have become one of the longest-studied groups in health research ever. An American-Japanese partnership called the Radiation Effects Research Foundation has studied about 94,000 survivors of the bombings.
The oleander is now the official flower of the city of Hiroshima because it was the first flower to bloom again after the explosion of the atomic bomb.
According to recent scientific studies, the survivors received an average dose of 210 millisieverts of radiation. In comparison, a head CT scan delivers a dose of about 2 millisieverts and flying across the US delivers a dose of about 40 microsieverts.
On the day of the nuclear attack, the population of Nagasaki was estimated to be about 260,000. Today, Nagasaki is home to almost half a million people. It's still considered a backwater town in Japanese terms.
Six ginkgo trees, located just about a mile from the bomb site in Hiroshima, suffered extreme damage in the blast. Surprisingly, they all survived and new buds soon emerged from their burnt trunks. Consequently, the ginkgo tree is now a symbol of hope in Japan.
Photos: 25. yokota.af.mil (public domain), 24. Alvesgaspar, Nerium oleander flowers leaves, CC BY-SA 3.0, 23. wikimedia commons (public domain), 22. pixabay (public domain), 21. The original uploader was Darkone at German Wikipedia, Ginkgo biloba 1, CC BY-SA 2.0, 20. Nagasakibomb.jpg: The picture was taken by Charles Levy from one of the B-29 Superfortresses used in the attack. Atomic_cloud_over_Hiroshima.jpg: Personel aboard Necessary Evil derivative work: Binksternet (talk), Atomic bombing of Japan, CC BY-SA 3.0, 19. wikimedia commons (public domain), 18. alonfloc, 9 Matsuyamamachi, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki-ken 852-8118, Japan – panoramio, CC BY 3.0, 17. Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung via flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0, 16. Taisyo, Mazda head office 2008, CC BY-SA 3.0, 15. Nullumayulife via flickr, CC BY 2.0, 14. wikimedia commons (public domain), 13. Hans-Rudolf Stoll via flickr, CC BY 2.0, 12. pixabay (public domain), 11. flickr (us dept work-public domain), 10. Voogd075 from nl, HiroshimaNight, CC BY-SA 3.0, 9. Mstyslav Chernov/Unframe/www.unframe.com, Cityscape of Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, island of Kyushu, Japan., CC BY-SA 3.0, 8. wikimedia commons (public domain), 7. misawa.af.mil (public domain), 6. O-nd, Hiroshima A-Bomb-Dome, CC BY-SA 3.0, 5. pexels (public domain), 4. pixabay (public domain), 3. thesun.co.uk (fair use: illustrative purposes only; no free images available.) 2. Bandai Namco Entertainment America, GODZILLA The Game – Reveal Trailer – Godzilla B&W 2, CC BY 3.0, 1. wikimedia commons (public domain)